This tutorial is on creating wonderful and fun dictionary art using paper embroidery.
I have printed on dictionary paper before, but this time I wanted to go one step further with embroidery. The trouble with dictionary paper is that it is fragile and difficult to stitch by hand without tearing.
Stitching on paper with a sewing machine is relatively easy, especially if you use the right needle and large stitches. I recently used a machine when stitching some map paper moths. Stitching on paper by hand is much harder, as it’s easier to tear the paper.
Embroidery on Paper
Most of the examples I could find for stitching on paper by hand were of large cross-stitches. The holes are pre-punched into the paper to form a pattern, which is then cross-stitched. Many of these examples involved more heavy-weight paper than fine-thin dictionary paper.
I love old maps, many printed on cloth paper, making them more robust and great for crafting and upcycling. That’s when I got the idea for making the dictionary paper more like old maps by using muslin.
This enabled me to create my hand-stitched free-form embroidery dictionary art by turning the dictionary pages into fabric paper.
Dictionary Art Ideas
I can’t remember the last time I used a physical dictionary. These days almost all my writing is done on a computer. Like most people, I use a digital dictionary. It’s the same with maps; nowadays, most people use a Sat Nav rather than paper road maps.
I have an extensive old dictionary which I use for arts and crafts. Like maps, dictionaries become outdated and need to be updated. Routes change as new roads get built like language evolves and changes as new words are developed.
I illustrated a word on a dictionary page for my latest dictionary art project. I printed and embroidered an image on the dictionary page related to a word on the paper.
Sometimes my images and words match, such as with my leaf dictionary art, are obvious. Other times the match is not instantly apparent, for example matching the word crest with a cockatoo or conical with a shell. Part of the fun of this craft is deciding what dictionary word and art picture to use.
Dictionary art was created by adding texture and highlights to the images with embroidery.
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What You Need
- An old dictionary or encyclopedia – If you don’t have one, they are easily picked up from a charity/thrift store for very little money. An old dictionary is of great value as often they have hundreds of pages that can be used for many art and craft projects.
- Muslin cloth (cheesecloth) – the thin cloth you use in the kitchen for straining food.
- Mod Podge
- Cling film (Sarin) wrap
- Embroidery threads in various colours
- Embroidery Needles
- Masking tape
- Vintage images – Pictureboxblue is full of thousands of free vintage images. You can download the same ones I used for my dictionary art here. More vintage clip art images are available with my paper mache bowl tutorial.
How To Embroidery on Paper and Make Dictionary Art
Preparing the Paper
Step1: The first thing to do is choose what page from the dictionary you want to use for the dictionary art. The idea is to match the image you embroider on the paper to a word on the dictionary page. Once chosen, carefully tear the page out of the dictionary.
Top tip: I know some people are squeamish about tearing up dictionaries. For some, it just seems wrong. You can always use a photocopy instead if you are one of these people. However, this embroidered art does work better on the original, thinner book pages.
Step 2: Next, tape the dictionary page to printer paper. Then put this paper into your printer’s paper feed and print the image of your choice onto the page. Print a dummy run first to ensure that the image prints the right way up and is to scale.
I made a mistake when I first printed the poppy seed head onto the poppy dictionary page; the image was printed upside down. I had to reprint the same image again. This time on a dictionary page with the word seed on it.
Step 3: Once the image has been printed onto the dictionary page, remove the masking tape. Then place the page image side down onto the clingfilm (plastic wrap). Next, paste the back of the page with Mod Podge.
Step 4: Cut a piece of muslin slightly larger than the dictionary page. Then lay the muslin onto the pasted Mod Podge page, smoothing it out as you go. Then brush another layer of Mod Podge onto the muslin.
Step 5: Leave the dictionary page to dry. Once fully dry, remove the clingfilm (plastic wrap) from the front of the dictionary page. The paper is now ready for embroidery.
Embroidery on Paper
Step 6: Thread a sharp embroidery needle with embroidery thread. I used all six strands of embroidery thread. The idea with the dictionary art was to enhance the printed images with stitches on the paper.
Just pick a particular element in the picture to stitch over. For example, I just embroidered the red stripes on the hot air balloon and left the others.
You can still see some of the printed images, and dictionary words, under the embroidery.
I used short satin embroidery stitches to fill in sections of colour on the images. To outline an image, I used a chain stitch. I used a few French knots at the top for the poppy seed head. But I do need to practice my French knots a bit more!
Top tip: Use a sharp embroidery needle to pierce dictionary pages easily. Sometimes embroidery/cross stitch needles are blunt, designed to go through the cloth with pre-stitched holes.
When the paper embroidery is finished, cut away any excess muslin from the paper.
The Dictionary Art Embroidered Images
I am so excited that I have worked out how to embroider on paper that I made five of these dictionary art pages, and I plan to make more.
Hot Air Balloon
I choose a dictionary page for the hot air balloon with the word hot. The balloon’s outline was embroidered with a chain stitch, and the red stripes were filled with a satin stitch.
Leaf Dictionary Art
The veins of a tropical leaf were embroidered with a satin stitch on dictionary paper with the word leaf printed on it.
Poppy Seed Head
Initially, I was going to print this poppy head on the dictionary page with the word poppy. But as I already mentioned, I messed up the printing. I fixed this by printing the poppy seed head on the page with the word seed instead.
A simple chain stitch was used to outline the poppy head. French knots were embroidered at the top of the seed head.
Cockatoo Dictionary Art
A crested cockatoo was printed on the dictionary page with the word crest. Only the cockatoo’s crest was embroidered with a satin stitch, using three colours.
Shell Dictionary Art
A cone-shaped shell was embroidered on the page with the word conical.
I enjoyed this craft; creating the dictionary art was fun. I will be stitching more dictionary pages, enough to make a gallery wall. Now that I have worked out how to hand embroider paper, I’m on the lookout for other book pages to use to create more unique and fun stitched art.
You might also want to see how I turned my children’s old artwork into a large keepsake embroidered memories piece.
- Old dictionary - these can be picked up very cheaply from thrift stores if you don't have one at home for upcycling.
- Muslin cheesecloth
- Mod Podge
- Plastic wrap/cling film
- Coloured embroidery threads
- Masking tape
- Glue brush
- Colour printer
- Sharp embroidery needles
- First, decide on what dictionary page you want to use. Match the words on the page to the image you will embroider. Then carefully tear the paper out of the book.
- Tape the dictionary page to computer paper using masking tape. Feed the paper through the paper feeder on your home printer and print an image on it. There are many to choose from for free on the site.
- Remove the tape from the printed paper and then lay it print side down onto the plastic wrap.
- Paste the back of the page with Mod Podge. Then lay the muslin cloth on top of the glue.
- Paste another layer of Mod Podge on top of the muslin and leave it to dry.
- Once the Mod Podge has dried, remove the plastic wrap.
- Thread the embroidery thread onto a sharp-pointed embroidery needle.
- Outline the printed image in a simple chain stitch. Use a satin embroidery stitch to fill in highlights of colour.
- Cutaway an excess muslin cloth overhanging from the paper.